Thursday, December 27, 2012

Cichlids, wrasses, sergeants

Suborder Labroidei

This suborder contains cichlids, wrasses, sergeants, etc. The most famous members of this suborder in Singapore, unfortunately, are the introduced eartheater cichlids (luo han) and tilipias.

Cichlids (Family Cichlidae)

Midas Cichlid Amphilophus citrinellus - Introduced
Red Devil Cichlid Amphilophus labiatus - Introduced
Peacock Bass Cichla monoculus - Introduced
Butterfly Peacock Bass Cichla ocellaris - Introduced
Peacock Bass Cichla orinocensis - Introduced
Guayas Cichlid Cichlasoma festae - Introduced
Three Spot Cichlid Cichlasoma trimaculatum - Introduced
Mayan Cichlid Cichlasoma urophthalmus - Introduced
Green Chromide Etroplus suratensis - Introduced
Eartheater Cichlid Geophagus altifrons - Introduced
Common Tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus - Introduced
Nile Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus - Introduced
Jaguar Guapote Parachromis managuensis - Introduced
Red-breasted Cichlid Paratheraps synspilus - Introduced
Tilapia buttikoferi - Introduced

Wrasses, Tuskfishes and allies (Family Labridae)
Red-banded Maori Wrasse Cheilinus fasciatus
Anchor Tuskfish Choerodon anchorago
Black-spot Tuskfish Choerodon schoenleinii
Diamond Tuskfish Halichoeres dussumieri
Brown Stripe Wrasse Halichoeres bicolor
Silty Wrasse Halichoeres purpurescens

Sergeants, Damselfishes, Anemonefishes and allies (Family Pomacentridae)
Bengal Sergeant Abudefduf bengalensis
Black-spot Sergeant Abudefduf sordidus
Scissorstail Sergeant Abudefduf sexfasciatus
Clark's Anemonefish Amphiprion clarkii
Tomato Anemonefish Amphiprion frenatus
Clown Anemonefish Amphiprion ocellaris
Saddleback Anemonefish Amphiprion polymnus
Pink Skunk Anemonefish Amphiprion perideraion
Yellow-banded Damsel Dischistodus fasciatus
Pale-spot Damsel Dischistodus chrysopoecilus
Honey-head Damsel Dischistodus prosopotaenia
Threespot Damsel Pomacentrus tripunctatus

Cichlids (Family Cichlidae)

Most cichlids are native to Africa and South America, although there are some species in Central America and the Caribbean, as well as the Middle East to India. All Cichlids in Singapore are non-native. The most infamous being the Eartheater Cichlid, which is more commonly known as luohan. Others like the Tilapia and Green Chromide are also commonly seen in canals and rivers.

Common Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) at Admiralty Park ©Tan KH

Green Chromide (Etroplus suratensis) at Admiralty Park ©Tan KH

Eartheater Cichlids (Geophagus altifrons) at Sungei Serangoon ©Tan KH


  1. Dear Tan, can you tell me more about the Etroplus suratensis shown on the second picture? The fishes I know as E. suratensis looks different and do not have such a dark mask are not as yellow as shown. However, I haven't seen them in breeding colour. Rgds, Holger

  2. Don't trust the colour in my photo. I could have over adjusted the contrast to reduce the blur.